Estructuras  (palabras interrogativas)





What did you notice about the words that you had to fill in in Gael’s conversation with the woman at the airport? ¡Sí! They were all used to ask questions, and they all had accents. You are already familiar with palabras interrogativas, but we are going to review how they are used and add some more to your vocabulary.
 
Palabras Interrogativas
¿cuál? which (one)? ¿de dónde? (from) where? ¿a qué? (at) what?
¿cuándo? when? ¿quién? who? ¿de qué? (from) what?
¿cuánto/a? how much? ¿con quién? with who(m)? ¿cómo? how?
¿cuántos/as? how many? ¿de quién? from who(m)? ¿por qué? why?
¿dónde?
where?
¿a quién? to who(m)? ¿para qué? (for) what?
¿a dónde? (to) where? ¿qué?
what?


 
In Spanish, we always open and close our questions with ¿ ? This way when you read a phrase, you can determine whether it’s a question or a statement at the beginning; and then you can use your voice so the listener knows if it is a question or a statement.
 
Read the following phrases out loud. See how your voice changes when you ask it as a question versus reading the statement.
Tú prefieres el café.
 ¿Tú prefieres el café?
Él juega al baloncesto.
 ¿Él juega al baloncesto?
Hago la maleta.
 ¿Hago la maleta?
Puedes hacerlo.
 ¿Puedes hacerlo?
 
OJO: Cuál and qué can both be used to mean which/what. We will look at this in more detail in a later module, but for now here is an example:

¿Cuál miras?........Which are you looking at (of a group)
¿Qué miras?.........What are you looking at (specifically)