There are two reasons why we compare/contrast. The first is to explain, and the second to analyze. By this point, you have chosen things that make sense for comparison and contrast. For instance, it wouldn't make sense to compare a truck with crayons or crayons with a birdhouse. You have compared crayons to pencils or pens, or compared trucks and cars.
We can approach comparing and contrasting in a variety of ways. We can do:
  • whole to whole, or
  • similarities to differences
Whole to whole you might outline the first culture (ie. colour in architecture in Mexico) then outline the second culture (ie. colour in architecture in Japan).
Similarities to differences you might outline all of the similarities between the two cultures, then outline all of the differences between the two cultures.
On the next page, you will be able to use some templates in order to structure your comparing and contrasting.