Environmental Law

Section 2: Legislation that Protects the Environment

Federal Statutes

Here are some federal statutes controlling specific areas of environmental concern:

  1. The Nuclear Liability Act establishes rules for liability in the case of an accident at a Canadian nuclear reactor.

  2. The Pest Control Products Act regulates pesticides and herbicides. The Act imposes control over manufacturing, importing, labelling, distributing, and exporting these products.

  3. The Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992 applies to all stages of handling and transporting dangerous goods from the original point of loading to the destination. The purpose of the Act is to promote public safety in transporting hazardous goods by requiring proper registering, classifying, labelling, packaging, documenting, and inspecting of all such goods. The Ministry of Transport is responsible for administering the Act, and it specifies what goods are "dangerous."

  4. The Canada National Parks Act, which came into law in the year 2000, makes the preservation-and restoration-of ecological integrity a top priority and provides strict protection for both natural resources and natural processes. For example, under this legislation, commercial development in park communities like Banff is capped, and about 90 percent of mountains are legally designated as Wilderness Areas.

Banff National Park

Image Source: Pixabay

Alberta is the home of Canada's Banff National Park and Waterton Park. It can easily be argued that Alberta has the most spectacular and popular system of national parks in Canada. Chances are very good that you have visited the province's mountain parks; perhaps you have spent a good deal of time in them.

Have you visited the towns of Banff, Jasper or Waterton? You may have been put off by the crowds and the resulting threat to wildlife in the surrounding park. Your experience of the press of people and businesses in these towns may help you understand in part why the Government of Canada saw fit to create stiffer laws to protect our parks from over-development. The government decided to try to preserve the parks' natural features at the expense of economic expansion.

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