Treatment of Injuries
Cool the burn. Rinse it with cool water.
Cooling the burn reduces swelling by conducting
heat away from the skin. Hold the burned area under cool (not cold)
running water for 10 to 15 minutes or until the pain subsides. If this
is impractical, immerse the burn in cool water or cool it with cold
- Do not put ice on the burn.
- Wash the cut carefully with water. If it is minor, stop the blood flow with a band-aid.
- Seek medical help if the wound does not stop bleeding.
The universal sign of choking is hands clutched to the throat. If the person does not give the signal, look for these indications:
- Inability to talk
- Difficulty breathing or noisy breathing
- Inability to cough forcefully
- Skin, lips, and nails turning blue
- Loss of consciousness
Use abdominal thrusts.
- From behind the victim, wrap your arms around his or her waist.
- Make a fist and place the thumb side of your fist against the victim's abdomen below the ribcage and above the navel.
- Grasp your fist with the other hand and press upwards and inwards. Check the mouth after each thrust.
- Give up to five abdominal thrusts. If the obstruction does not clear after three cycles of back blows and abdominal thrusts, get help.
- Phone 911 for help.
- Attempt to do the thrusts on yourself.
Lean heavily on a chair back in thrusts to loosen the obstruction.
Prevention is the key! Lifting heavy equipment or cases of food can cause injury to the back. Always have help to lift heavy items.
Follow these steps to avoid injury:
Plan before lifting
- Know where you are to place the item and be sure the path is clear.
Avoid quick or awkward movements.
Lift close to your body.
Keep your body close to the item.
- Hold the object you are lifting with a firm grip.
Balance the object close to your body.
Keep your feet approximately shoulder-width apart.
- A solid base of support is important while lifting. Holding your feet too close together is unstable; too far apart hinders movement.
Keep your feet about shoulder-width apart and take short steps.
Bend your knees and keep your back straight.
Try to keep your spine straight. Raise and lower to the ground by bending your knees.
Lift with your legs ?" not your back. Your
legs are many times stronger than your back muscles; let your strength
work in your favour.
- Try to keep your spine straight. Raise and lower to the ground by bending your knees.
Tighten your stomach muscles.
Tightening your abdominal muscles holds your
back in a good lifting position and helps prevent excessive force on
- Tightening your abdominal muscles holds your back in a good lifting position and helps prevent excessive force on the spine.
If you are having difficulty, get help.
If an object is too heavy or awkward, be sure to ask for help.
if you are lifting something with another person, be sure both know and agree on the plan.
- If an object is too heavy or awkward, be sure to ask for help.
Use equipment! Various lifting devices are
available, such as slings, prybars, rollers, and dollies ?" and
forklifts for very heavy objects.
- Turn the power off!
- Call 911.
NEVER touch the victim directly until the power is off.
If you do not have access to the power shut-off,
attempt to remove the victim from the electrical sources in the
Use a dry board, a broom handle, a rubber
shoe, clothing, or other available non-conductive material to free the
victim from electrical contact. Protect yourself with dry insulating
material such as rolled up clothing, a wooden broomstick, etc.
Do not touch the victim until the source of electricity has been removed.
After the victim has been removed from the
electrical source, determine whether the person is breathing.
- If the person is not breathing, call 911 immediately. Use a method of artificial respiration.
- Use a dry board, a broom handle, a rubber shoe, clothing, or other available non-conductive material to free the victim from electrical contact. Protect yourself with dry insulating material such as rolled up clothing, a wooden broomstick, etc.
The best choice is to phone 911 or the poison control centre immediately.