Unit 1

Early Canada


You will be reading about three Aboriginal societies in your textbook.

  1. Download the document, The Structure of Aboriginal Societies.
    Please save your work to a file on your desktop so you will have a copy to refer back to.

  2. Click on one of the links provided to download the document. 
      • You will then be able to view the Structure of Aboriginal Societies worksheet.

  3. Complete the chart as you read the assigned pages (identified in the boxes below) in the textbook.
  4. Go to the next page to submit your completed activity.
  5. Check your answers with the summary provided at the end of Chapter 1.


  • The Mi’kmaq society lived in Eastern Canada – Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, and Quebec.
  • They lived as clans and were primarily hunters, fishers, and gatherers.

Read more details about the Mi’kmaq on pages 14 to 16 of your textbook.



  • The Haudenosaunee or Iroquois society lived in the Northeastern Woodlands, Great Lakes region, and north and south of the St. Lawrence River.
  • They lived as clans and hunted and fished. They were also farmers.

Read more details about the Haudenosaunee on pages 17 to 21 of your textbook.


  • The Anishinabe or Ojibwa society lived in northern and central Ontario. They moved to what became Manitoba and west to the Plains.
  • They lived as clans and were primarily hunters and gatherers.

Read more details about the Anishinabe on pages 22 to 25 of your textbook.