Unit 3 - Managing Canada's Forests Today

Lesson 1: The Government of Canada

Under Canada's Constitution, the federal government and the provincial/territorial governments have specific roles in the care and governance of public forests.
Industry, non-government organizations, and the general public also play important roles in managing Canada's forest resources.

Forest-related responsibilities of the federal government include

  • conducting forest research

  • monitoring and reporting on forest fires at a national scale

  • managing international trade and relations

  • enforcing environmental regulations (example, Species at Risk Act)

  • increasing Aboriginal participation in forest management

  • reporting on the status of Canada's forests

  • setting the overall direction for the management of Canada's forest



The Government of Canada is also responsible for managing forests on federal lands and in national parks. Most federal land is not subject to harvesting activities.